Database

Dóra Maurer

Born June 11 1937, Budapest
Lived in Budapest, Vienna
 
Dóra Maurer is a Hungarian artist and she has actively combined photography, film, graphic design and painting. She has reflected objective geometrical, mathematical, and conceptual systems. Her essentially avant-garde work is a good example of a strictly constructive solution to questions concerning contemporary art. Maurer is a professor at the Academy of Fine Arts in Budapest.
 
graphics, works on paper, design, movie, neo-constructivism, experimental movie, Show in map

1951

1956

1956-1964
From 1956 to 1961, Dora Maurer studied under the leadership of Gyuly Hincze at Magyar Képzőművészeti Főiskola/ Hungarian University of Fine Arts in Budapest. After she graduated, she dealt with bronze etching which she reflected in the mode of paradoxical organization, sensitivity, and even grotesqueness (Melegház /Green House, 1963; Pompei sorozat /Pompeii Series, 1964). She thoughtfully put biomorphic elements into a geometrized system. While these works were still depictive, she fully used associative method in her later works. The Fiore (1963/4) painting is a good example of her gradual move to abstraction and a focus on surface properties. The painting was also characterized by its distinctive formal arrangement.
Was school of Hungarian University of Fine Arts (1956-1961)

1962

IX. Országos Képzőművészeti Tárlat (group exhibition, Budapest)

1964

Fiatal Művészek Stúdiója 5 (group exhibition, Budapest)

1965

1965-1970
In the second half of the 1960's, Maurer greatly extended the scope of her activities. Collages, crumples, unusual materials (hair), and layering started to appear in her works and, at the same time, she used a strictly traditional under-painting (PB 0, Hegy és Ember/ Man and Mountain, 1969), which heralded the later popular motif of concealment. Having learned photography techniques and having activated her personal form of expression, she started to make larger conceptual works. Those include Nagyon magasról leejtett lemez/ Record dropped from a very great height, (1970; photograph, gravure) whose principle is based on recording the artist's presence or involvement, for instance in Maurer's painting activity the consequential deformation of the record is also captured in a photograph.
Maurer's scholarship stay in Vienna in 1967 played a certain initiation role in this respect. Three years later, in Vienna, to which she often returned, she received an award (Graphic Awards in Vienna) in the area of petite graphics. She was also presented an award by the Yorkshire Art Association in the same year.
Ma/magyar grafika (group exhibition, Budapest)

1966

Magyar Kisgrafika (group exhibition, Budapest)

1967

Fiatal Művészek 5túdiója 8. (group exhibition, Budapest)
Fiatal Művészek Stúdiója 8. (group exhibition, Budapest)
4. Miskolci Grafikai Biennále (group exhibition, Budapest)
Ungarische Grafik der Gegenwart (group exhibition, Schleswig)

1968

Internat. Grafik (group exhibition, Bremerhaven)
Országos Képzőművészeti Kiállítás (group exhibition, Miskolc )

1971

1971-1977
The seventies are generally characterized by her interest in series; repetitiveness based on mathematical exactness as well as natural randomness. The scope of materials she used became even more diverse. It included pegs, boxes, containers, gauze, and nails; all in different shapes, colours, and sizes (Mennyiségtábla/ Quantity Table, 1972). Maurer's paintings and graphic works were also characterized by a similar principle (Mennyiségtábla 6. / Quantity Table No. 6., 1972).
In 1972 and 1976, Dora Maurer was awarded a prize at the international graphics biennial in Norway (1st Norwegian International Graphics Biennial) and in Krakow (6th International Graphics Biennial in Krakow).
In the late 1970's, Maurer began to place an emphasis on another great topic: the sign and symbolic system. She used a number of different techniques, such as the foot type. V. május 1-i felvonulása mesterséges talajon (V´s Mayday parade on an artificial ground, 1979) is a good example. It consists of two parts; a structure of painted paper rectangles and a clear area covered by footprints. A collection of all Maurer's foot types was exhibited in Helikon Galéria, Budapest in 1976 .
The intentional contrast of the organized and accidental, documentation and creation is also characteristic of the series of works which include passages of text (Inkább madár lennék 1–4/ I'd Rather Be a Bird 1–4, 1971; Szónyomok, Akkumuláció 1–2/ Word Prints, Accumulation 1-2, 1973).
Another field of Maurer's work was phase photography, or film, through which she satisfied her interest in structuring and the sign system (Revezibilis és felcserélhető mozgások/ Reversible and Changeable Movements, 1972). Thanks to the new technologies of the day, she could make a more detailed examination of the effect of changing the positions, and the interactions of objects (Displacement-sorozat/ Displacement-series, 1972–1983). The Kvázi-képek/ Quasi-Pictures series, dating back to the mid-1970's, is based on a random selection of a minor element of the original geometric structure, its magnification and emphasis, its placement in a new layout, and then in three-dimensional space (Széria ábra két Kvázi-képpel/Serial Illustration With Two Quasi-Pictures, 1976; Kvázi-kép véletlen adatok szerint/Quasi-Picture Based on Random Figures, 1977). The original diagonal division of planes, which she used in the Eltolódások a 4-ből öt típusú/ Five Out of Four series was gradually replaced by the horizontal and longitudinal division, which appeared in her graphics (Egy négyzet széttolása/ Pushing Apart of a Square, 1974) as well as three-dimensional works (Eltolhatás/ Push-effect, 1976).
[Dóra Maurer] (solo exhibition, Vienna)

1972

1973

1974

Graphics, Objects (solo exhibition, Bremen)

1975

1975-1977
In 1975, Dora Maurer and Miklós Erdély (1928-1986) established the Kreativitás – Vizualitás szakkör/ Creative and Visual Study Circle. The Circle continued its activity until 1977.
Displacements 1972-75 (solo exhibition, Graz)

1976

Nyomtatás - nyomhagyás (solo exhibition, Budapest)
[Dóra Maurer] (solo exhibition, Jyväskylä)
[Dóra Maurer] (solo exhibition, Székesfehérvár)
Serial Works (group exhibition, Szeged )

1977

1977-1979
Playing with structures, their construction and destruction is closely related to the pursuit of the Hidden Structure (elrejtett strukúrák); or rather its creation. For example, in the Rejtett strukúrák 1–3./ Hidden Structure 1-3 series (1977–1979) she used individually different folded sheets of paper and clear areas. In the early 1980's, such interest, which was becoming increasingly subtle, was concentrated in the Zsilipek/ Floodgates series, consisting of structures based on the interaction between (liquid) light and dust.
In the 1980's, Maurer returned to the works and visions of the previous decade, such as surface studies Szél jelzésben/ Wind in Markings (1972) and marking, using new techniques and materials (Zsilipek / Floodgates, 1980). In her Quasi-Picture, she used colour to separate and magnify individual planes and vary them by colour tones (Kvázi-kép No.86/ Quasi-Picture No. 86, 1983). She developed a rather complicated system of rules for her work, which was based on the mathematical as well as colour systems and on the hierarchy of cold and warm colours.

1978

1979

Eltalódások 1975 - 79 (solo exhibition, Pécs)

1981

Worked at Museum of Fine Arts in Budapest (1981-1983)

1982

1982-1983
The culmination of Maurer's structural studies came when she received a commission from Dieter Bogner to decorate the tower chamber of Buchberg Castle (1942). Maurer used two-dimensional aquarelle designs Térfestés tervek/ Spatial Painting Layouts (1980–1982), with which she gradually transformed an area of fourteen square metres into an illusive spatial arrangement. The overall procedure was documented through photographs and a film (Térfestés / Spatial Painting, 58 mm, 1982–1983; Térfestés. Buchbergi projekt / Spatial Painting, Buchberg Project, 16‘‘, 1983).
From 1981 to 1983, Maurer lead the film workshop Indigó Csoport/ Blue Group in the Szépművészeti Múzeum/ Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest.
Egoland-art (group exhibition, Budapest)
Művészbélyegek. Art-Pool (group exhibition, Budapest)
Bilder, Zeichnungen, Fotos (solo exhibition, Friedberg)

1983


Quasi-image 101 (painting)
Film / művészet (group exhibition, Budapest)
"Raum quasi Bild'". Exakte Tendenzen (solo exhibition, Gars am Kamp )
Á kibontakozás évei 1960 körül (group exhibition, Székesfehérvár)

1984

11. Bienále užité grafiky Brno (group exhibition, Brno)
Drawing! (group exhibition, Pécs)
Arbeiten 1958-1983 (solo exhibition, Vienna)
Small is beautiful (group exhibition, Warsaw)

1985

Tértervek/Raumkonzepte (group exhibition, Budapest)
20 Years of Hungarian Experimental Film (group exhibition, New York (NY))

1986

Képvetületek! Projektionsbilder (solo exhibition, Budapest)
The Corner (group exhibition, Friedberg)

1987

1987-1991
Between 1987 and 1989, Dora Maurer once again lived in Austria because she was granted a scholarship by the Austrian Ministry of Culture. In 1988, she received a scholarship from the Eötvös foundation. She gave audio-visual lectures as a visiting lecturer at Magyar Iparművészet Főiskolán/ School of Art in Budapest (1987-1991). From 1990, she taught at the Magyar Képzőművészeti Főiskola/ Hungarian Academy of Fine Arts in Budapest.
Worked at Moholy-Nagy Művészeti Egyetem (1987-1991)
"A" výstava (group exhibition, Budapest)
Geometrien aus Österreich (group exhibition, Gars am Kamp )

1988

1990

1990-1996
After 1990, Maurer continued working on the Buchberg Cycle. She still dealt with the transformation of colours through the influence of light and in light itself. She interfered in the process and recorded it. The original Quasi-Picture gradually transformed into the Relatív Kvaziképek/ Relative Quasi-Picture series. The original canvases literally left the walls (Ledőlt Quasi-kép alapformával,/ Fallen Quasi-Picture with Base-Form, 1986–91; Quod Libet No. 2./ How Do You Like It, 1991), on the other hand, the curve of the background predetermines the spatial concept of the canvas and the selection of techniques (Vegyes téri viszonyok IV. NE 9. /Mixed Spatial Relations IV. No. 20870 9., 1993–96).
In the second half of the 1990's, the originally strict reduction of palette colours was gradually increased to eight basic colours (Hommage á Monet/ Tribute to Monet series), which was also related to her interest in curvature and the subsequent spatial construction (Görbült sík, homorú/ Curved Plane, 1996; Görbült sík, szárnyas/ Curved Plane, winged, 1996). Raszter közi Quasi-kép/ Raszterközi Quasi-kép/ Raster Interval Quasi-Picture/ Displacements 74 (1997) and Az RQD 74, augusztus 9-én 5.15-kor/ RQD 74 August 9 at 5:15 a.m./ (1997) are other studies dealing with the modulation of the relationship between light and colour (parallel to the Áthelyezés/ Displacement series (1976)
In 1995, Maurer was awarded the national Munkáczy prize.
Worked at Hungarian University of Fine Arts (1990-2008)
Dialog (solo exhibition, Budapest)

1991

1993

Fa/nyitás (solo exhibition, Budapest)
Falnyitás (solo exhibition, Budapest)
Quasi-Images, Instalation (solo exhibition, Friedberg)
[Dóra Maurer] (solo exhibition, Szombathely )

1994

Zwischen Zeit Raum I (group exhibition, Düsseldorf)

1995

Quasi-Obrazy (solo exhibition, Bratislava)

1996

5treifenbilder (solo exhibition, Nuremberg)
[Dóra Maurer] (Tibor Gáyor) (solo exhibition, Szombathely )

1997

Quasi-képek és képek 1990-1997 (solo exhibition, Budapest)
Vegyes téri viszonyok (solo exhibition, Pécs)

1998

Arbeiten 1975-1997 (solo exhibition, Bottrop )
Eltolódások 1974-75 (solo exhibition, Budapest)

1999

[Dóra Maurer] (Áron Balázs) (solo exhibition, Budapest)

2000

Received grant from Soros Foundation

2001

2002

Szferikus pikkelyek (solo exhibition, Budapest)

2003

Dora Maurer won the state-sponsored Kossuth Prize.
Received award from The Kossuth Prize
Farbráume Dunkelkammer (solo exhibition, Friedberg)

2004

Der 4-eckige Blick (group exhibition, Cologne)
Paula's Home (group exhibition, Linz)
[Dóra Maurer] (solo exhibition, Vienna)

2005

Fotogenia (solo exhibition, Budapest)
Feszített művek (group exhibition, Budapest)

2006

2007

Fotómunkák (solo exhibition, Budapest)

2009

2010

2011

Transparency – Looking Through (group exhibition, Budapest)
Kind of Change - New Acquisitions 2009-2011 (group exhibition, Budapest)

2012

The Hero, the Heroine and the Author (group exhibition, Budapest)

2013

2014

Dóra Maurer. Snapshots (solo exhibition, Waldenbuch)
LUDWIG 25. The Contemporary Collection (group exhibition, Budapest)

2015

Siliconvalse. Hungarian Reality (group exhibition, Brno)
Dóra Maurer, Parallel Systems (solo exhibition, Prague)

2016

2017

Crossing Borders (The Grüner Collection) (group exhibition, Bratislava)

2018

Muzeum umění Olomouc 2011-2016