Although Toyen is well known as a major artist of the Surrealism movement, her legacy in 20th century art is less known. Lili Ország (1926–1978), a leading figure in modern Hungarian painting, is one of those who was inspired by the Czech artist.
With research topic "Central Europe 1945-1989" Olomouc Museum of Art initiated in 2016 a cycle of regular interdisciplinary meetings focusing on the research of the socio-cultural environment within the Visegrad Region countries in the second half of the twentieth century. The Conference proceedings 2016 was published in the form of a pdf file.
The graph shows figurative and non-figurative (abstract) art as two opposite poles, strongly differentiating from each other and resonating in the all-society and historical situation of the last half-century. You can see the growing popularity of the abstract expression at the expense of the figurative one and, on the other hand, its returns resulting from new figuration or photo-realism.
The reading of mid-twentieth century abstract painting within the perspective of Surrealist aesthetics suffered greatly from the literary dictatorship that André Breton, Surrealism’s “Parisian pope”, instituted from the very start of the movement.
The text is part of the catalog Magdalena Abakanowicz: Life and Work, published for the exhibition at the Olomouc Museum of Art in 2011.
Joseph Antenucci Becherer is the founding Director and Curator of the Sculpture Program at Frederik Meijer Gardens & Sculpture Park in Grand Rapids, Michiganu. He has authored numerous books, catalogues and articles, and curated many exhibitions (Jim Dine, Magdalena Abakanowicz, Alexander Calder, Henry Moore...). In 2004, he was awarded the honor of "Cavaliere nell' Ordine al Merito".